Clifford-deformed surface code (CDSC)[1]

Description

A generally non-CSS derivative of the surface code defined by applying a constant-depth Clifford circuit to the original (CSS) surface code. Unlike the surface code, CDSCs include codes whose thresholds and subthreshold performance are enhanced under noise biased towards dephasing. Examples of CDSCs include the XY code, XZZX code, and random CDSCs.

Protection

As a stabilizer code, \([[n=O(d^2), k=O(1), d]]\).

Fault Tolerance

In order to leverage the benefits of CDSCs into practical universal computation, we have to implement syndrome measurement circuits and fault-tolerant logical gates in a bias-preserving way.

Code Capacity Threshold

A class of random CDSCs, parametrized by the probabilities \(\Pi_{XZ},~ \Pi_{YZ}\) of \(X\leftrightarrow Z\) and \(Y\leftrightarrow Z\) Pauli permutations, respectively, has \(50\%\) code capacity threshold at infinite \(Z\) bias.Certain translation-invariant CDSCs such as the XY code and the XZZX code also have \(50\%\) code capacity threshold at infinite \(Z\) bias.XZZX code and the \((0.5,\Pi_{YZ})\) random CDSCs have a \(50\%\) code capacity threshold for noise infinitely biased towards either Pauli-\(X\), \(Y\), or \(Z\) errors.

Parents

Children

  • Kitaev surface code — CDSC is generally a non-CSS derivative of the surface code.
  • XY surface code — XY code is obtained from the surface code by applying \(H\sqrt{Z}H\) to all qubits, thereby exchaning \(Z\leftrightarrow Y\).
  • XZZX surface code — XZZX code is obtained from the surface code by applying Hadamard gates on a subset of qubits such that \(XXXX\) and \(ZZZZ\) generators are both mapped to \(XZXZ\).

Cousins

Zoo code information

Internal code ID: clifford-deformed_surface

Your contribution is welcome!

on github.com (edit & pull request)

edit on this site

Zoo Code ID: clifford-deformed_surface

Cite as:
“Clifford-deformed surface code (CDSC)”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/clifford-deformed_surface
BibTeX:
@incollection{eczoo_clifford-deformed_surface, title={Clifford-deformed surface code (CDSC)}, booktitle={The Error Correction Zoo}, year={2022}, editor={Albert, Victor V. and Faist, Philippe}, url={https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/clifford-deformed_surface} }
Permanent link:
https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/clifford-deformed_surface

References

[1]
Arpit Dua et al., “Clifford-deformed Surface Codes”. 2201.07802

Cite as:

“Clifford-deformed surface code (CDSC)”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/clifford-deformed_surface

Github: https://github.com/errorcorrectionzoo/eczoo_data/tree/main/codes/quantum/qubits/surface/clifford-deformed_surface/clifford-deformed_surface.yml.