Divisible code[1] 

Description

A linear \(q\)-ary block code is \(\Delta\)-divisible if the Hamming weight of each of its codewords is divisible by divisor \(\Delta\). A \(2\)-divisible (\(4\)-divisible, \(8\)-divisible) code is called even (doubly-even, triply-even) [2,3]. A code is called singly-even if all codewords are even and at least one has weight equal to 2 modulo 4. More generally, a code is \(m\)-even if it is \(2^{m}\)-divisible.

Notes

See Ref. [4] for an introduction to triply-even binary linear codes and their construction from doubly-even codes.

Parent

Children

Cousins

  • Binary quadratic-residue (QR) code — Extended binary quadratic residue codes of length \(8m\) are self-dual doubly-even codes [3; pg. 82].
  • \([8,4,4]\) extended Hamming code — The extended Hamming code code is the smallest double-even self-dual code.
  • Constant-weight code — Codes whose codewords have a constant weight of \(m\) are automatically \(m\)-divisible. However, divisible codes are linear by definition while constant-weight codes do not have to be.
  • Self-dual linear code — Binary self-dual codes are singly-even, and binary self-orthogonal codes that are not doubly-even are singly-even [8; Def. 4.1.6]. The minimum distance of doubly-even binary self-dual codes asymptotically satisfies \(d\leq0.1664n+o(n)\) [9].
  • Ternary Golay code — Extended ternary Golay code is 3-divisible ([10], pg. 296).
  • Griesmer code — If a \(p\)-ary Griesmer code with \(p\) prime is such that a power of \(p\) divides the distance, then the code is divisible by that power [11].
  • Two-weight code — Two-weight codes are \(m\)-divisible, where \(m\) is the greatest common factor of their two possible weights.
  • Quantum divisible code — The \(X\)-type stabilizers of a level-\(\nu\) quantum divisible code form a \(\nu\)-even linear binary code.
  • \([[49,1,5]]\) triorthogonal code — The \([[49,1,5]]\) triorthogonal code stabilizer generator matrix can be obtained from a triply-even linear binary code [12; Appx. B].

References

[1]
H. N. Ward, “Divisible codes”, Archiv der Mathematik 36, 485 (1981) DOI
[2]
S. Kurz, “Divisible Codes”, (2023) arXiv:2112.11763
[3]
J. H. Conway and N. J. A. Sloane, Sphere Packings, Lattices and Groups (Springer New York, 1999) DOI
[4]
K. Betsumiya and A. Munemasa, “On triply even binary codes”, Journal of the London Mathematical Society 86, 1 (2012) arXiv:1012.4134 DOI
[5]
S. K. Houghten et al., “The extended quadratic residue code is the only (48,24,12) self-dual doubly-even code”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 49, 53 (2003) DOI
[6]
R. J. McEliece, “On periodic sequences from GF(q)”, Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A 10, 80 (1971) DOI
[7]
R. J. McEliece, “Weight congruences for p-ary cyclic codes”, Discrete Mathematics 3, 177 (1972) DOI
[8]
S. Bouyuklieva, "Self-dual codes." Concise Encyclopedia of Coding Theory (Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2021) DOI
[9]
I. Krasikov and S. Litsyn, “Linear programming bounds for doubly-even self-dual codes”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 43, 1238 (1997) DOI
[10]
J. Bierbrauer, Introduction to Coding Theory (Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2016) DOI
[11]
H. N. Ward, “Divisibility of Codes Meeting the Griesmer Bound”, Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A 83, 79 (1998) DOI
[12]
S. Bravyi and J. Haah, “Magic-state distillation with low overhead”, Physical Review A 86, (2012) arXiv:1209.2426 DOI
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Zoo Code ID: divisible

Cite as:
“Divisible code”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/divisible
BibTeX:
@incollection{eczoo_divisible, title={Divisible code}, booktitle={The Error Correction Zoo}, year={2022}, editor={Albert, Victor V. and Faist, Philippe}, url={https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/divisible} }
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“Divisible code”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/divisible

Github: https://github.com/errorcorrectionzoo/eczoo_data/edit/main/codes/classical/q-ary_digits/weight/divisible.yml.