Binary quadratic-residue (QR) code
Member of a quadruple of cyclic binary codes of prime length \(n=8m\pm 1\) for \(m\geq 1\) constructed using quadratic residues and nonresidues of \(n\).
The roots of the generator polynomial \(r(x)\) of the first code (see Cyclic-to-polynomial correspondence) are all of the inequivalent quadratic residues of \(n\), and the second code's generator polynomial is \((x-1)r(x)\). The roots of the generator polynomial \(a(x)\) of the third code are all inequivalent nonresidues of \(n\), and the fourth code's generator polynomial is \((x-1)a(x)\). The codes corresponding to polynomials \(r,a\) are often called augmented quadratic-residue codes, while the remaining codes are called expurgated.
Zoo code information
“Binary quadratic-residue (QR) code”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/binary_quad_residue