Spacetime code (STC)[1]

Description

Code designed for wireless transmission of information (via, e.g., radio waves) such that the sender can send multiple times from multiple locations. A spacetime code uses a modulation scheme to encode a message into signals that are sent at different times through different antennas, thereby utilizing both spatial and temporal (i.e., spacetime) degrees of freedom.

Notes

See the chapter [2] or the Ch. 28 of Ref. [3] for an introduction to spacetime coding.

Parent

Child

  • Spacetime block code (STBC) — Spacetime codes also use spatial and temporal diversity, but do not necessarily use blocks as codewords.

Cousins

  • Codeword stabilized (CWS) code — CWS codes have been considered in the context of spacetime replication of quantum data [4][5], while STCs are designed to replicate classical data.
  • Homological bosonic code — Homological CV codes have been considered in the context of spacetime replication of quantum data [4][5], while STCs are designed to replicate classical data.

References

[1]
V. Tarokh, N. Seshadri, and A. R. Calderbank, “Space-time codes for high data rate wireless communication: performance criterion and code construction”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory 44, 744 (1998). DOI
[2]
B. Clerckx and C. Oestges, “From Multi-Dimensional Propagation to Multi-Link MIMO Channels”, Mimo Wireless Networks 29 (2013). DOI
[3]
W. C. Huffman, J.-L. Kim, and P. Solé, Concise Encyclopedia of Coding Theory (Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2021). DOI
[4]
P. Hayden and A. May, “Summoning information in spacetime, or where and when can a qubit be?”, Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical 49, 175304 (2016). DOI; 1210.0913
[5]
P. Hayden et al., “Spacetime replication of continuous variable quantum information”, New Journal of Physics 18, 083043 (2016). DOI; 1601.02544
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Zoo code information

Internal code ID: spacetime

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Zoo Code ID: spacetime

Cite as:
“Spacetime code (STC)”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/spacetime
BibTeX:
@incollection{eczoo_spacetime, title={Spacetime code (STC)}, booktitle={The Error Correction Zoo}, year={2022}, editor={Albert, Victor V. and Faist, Philippe}, url={https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/spacetime} }
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Permanent link:
https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/spacetime

Cite as:

“Spacetime code (STC)”, The Error Correction Zoo (V. V. Albert & P. Faist, eds.), 2022. https://errorcorrectionzoo.org/c/spacetime

Github: https://github.com/errorcorrectionzoo/eczoo_data/tree/main/codes/classical/matrices/spacetime.yml.